Fresh eyes can help you find things you may not otherwise have observed.

Fresh eyes can help you find things you may not otherwise have observed.

Here are some plain things to consider when proofreading and editing:

The Purdue OWL website has even more detail regarding the proofreading process.

Students regularly underestimate the right time it will take to write an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages.

Before starting your essay, check out the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You might be surprised how long the entire process takes!

If you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly as you can see from the assignment planning calculator.

if you were to think of the essay/cake analogy, you need time for you to mix most of the ingredients properly, or even the final result won’t be what you would like to talk about with other people!

To publish a 1000 word essay, ideally you ought to allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Let’s have a look at how an essay time management ‘cake’ might be divided into slices:

You can see that the biggest part of your time is allocated to the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your time.

Check out another model to also see what you need certainly to consider:

This is actually the final type of the chocolate essay. You can also download it as a document that is pdf.

Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate through the new world, chocolate consumption is becoming a worldwide phenomenon. To start with, chocolate, a derivative of this cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. However, chocolate’s inherent popularity does not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested because of the title. The realities of chocolate are more right down to earth; a number of the realities may be addressed in this article. Chocolate has chemical properties that may influence mood and there is possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat because of the argument that, in certain instances, chocolate may very well be a drug in the place of a food. Moreover, there is the chance for some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it’s going to be argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood plus the cardiovascular system it has in addition been linked to addiction and obesity.

Use of chocolate is one thing that numerous enjoy, and there’s evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a systematic report about the literature in the field point out several studies, such as for instance Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which seem to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the mood aftereffects of chocolate “are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth”. In addition, mood is one thing this is certainly hard to isolate and quantify, and aside from the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there seems to be little research on any more term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study unearthed that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary sensory pleasure, whereas guilt was also a statistically significant factor for many, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect would be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.

Another possible influence that is positive of is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, could be a provider of significant levels of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that assist in delaying blood clotting and reducing inflammation (Schramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate should be considered when you look at the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The key to maximising the advantages of flavanols in chocolate appears to lie within the known amount of fats present. Cocoa, which is simply chocolate minus the fat, is considered the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation of the flavanols involves such compounds being present in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where these are generally biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).

The biological makeup of chocolate can be relevant in determining whether chocolate is much better seen as a food or a drug, nevertheless the boundaries between indulgence and addictive behaviour are unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like unsaturated essential fatty acids (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) which could represent a neurochemical dependency possibility of chocolate, yet can be found in exceedingly a small amount. Interestingly, and connected to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study unearthed that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a negative correlation between chocolate consumption and mood. That is perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, instead of a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it was argued that chocolate may also be used as a type of self-medication, particularly in relation to magnesium deficiency. A research by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that women usually do not generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier studies done by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a correlation that is high magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in females. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings might be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, any difficulty . the proportion of men and women using chocolate as a drug instead of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.

A point that is final consider in terms of chocolate is the perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. A person is thought as being obese when their Body Mass Index is more than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that there are no specific correlations between the 2 variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This is typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who unearthed that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate each day, a group of adults demonstrated no weight increase that is significant. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone just isn’t more likely to cause obesity, unless huge amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie intake that is dense higher than necessary for bodily function, bearing in mind amounts of activity. The‘chocoholic’ that is stereotypical more prone to consume a number of other sweet foods and start to become less likely to want to take exercise than other people, so chocolate consumption is just one possible variable when it comes to the sources of obesity.

Obesity and chocolate consumption seems to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this specific article, many chocolate focused arguments have now been presented, including the transient effect of chocolate on mood and also the proven fact that it is as more likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the potential benefits of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset by the high fat/carbohydrate content of most types of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug can be unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which could help explain some addictive type behaviour, particularly in relation to nervous tension in women, but there is also a very good research focus on chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It can therefore be said that chocolate is not a healthy food, but could be enjoyed as an element of a healthier and balanced diet and lifestyle.

‘Integrity’ relates to ‘honesty’, and integrity that is academic writing in an honest way, to ensure no body will think you are claiming that words or ideas from somebody else are your personal. This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university if you do not do this.

Plagiarism means using someone else’s words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.

Needless to say, when we write an essay we have to make reference to other people’s ideas. We gave a number of the known reasons for this before:

  • To show respect for other people’s ideas and work
  • To clearly identify information coming from another source
  • To tell apart an external source from your interpretation or your own findings
  • To support your arguments that are own thus giving you more credibility
  • To demonstrate proof of wide (and understood) reading
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